Arguably the best financial company in the world, for almost 150 years, Goldman Sachs has served the financial needs of wealthy individuals, corporations and rich sovereign nations. Their business activities include investment banking, serving the financial needs of institutional clients, investing and lending, and wealth management. Because of their ability to attract top talent and pay handsome compensation, their payroll includes the best and the brightest talents that money can buy.
Goldman’s clients include high-net-worth individuals, families, foundations and endowments. What is the Gold standard for a high-net-worth client? Let us start with any positive number followed by a minimum of 7 or 8 zeros. Six zeros may be too modest an amount to get the attention of the Wall Street luminary. What remains indisputable is that Goldman’s business interests do not hinge around a “commoner” with modest income.
Low and behold, the company has decided to rebrand its uppity image. The financial behemoth is now in the online savings-banking business and eager to attract savings deposits as meager as $1. A cataclysmic metamorphosis.
Recently, Goldman Sachs acquired GE’s internet-banking subsidiary with a total of $16 billion in retail deposits to get a foothold into the online banking business. The company’s online banking business called ‘GS Bank’ is keen to attract even more deposits by offering generous interest rates regardless of the amount deposited.
Online versus Traditional Banking
Traditional banks require an average of above $4,000 in average daily balance for not charging any monthly maintenance fee. Also, a checking or savings account typically pays between 0 and 0.1% in annual interest rate. The benefit is that the deposits are insured up to $250,000 by FDIC regardless of the financial health of the bank, which is intended to avoid a bank run. However, depositors pay a steep price for the benefits of a traditional bank. Customers are slapped with all types of fees/charges and the interest rates on the deposits are measly.
The online banking has changed the thrifty culture of the traditional banks. Normally, online banks do not require a minimum deposit (e.g., CapitalOne 360, Discover bank). Some online banks offer free checking facilities. More importantly, as any traditional bank, the online deposits are also insured up to $250,000 assuming that the online bank is registered with the FDIC (the online page will indicate whether it is the case). Because online banks do not operate physical locations, they do not incur the high costs of managing a network of branches. Consequently, online banks can pass on some of their cost savings to depositors in the form of higher rates.
GS Bank is offering annual interest of 1.05% for all deposits without any minimum balance and time restrictions. CDs are paying around 1.20% for one year term deposits. Compared with borrowing on the bond market, however, it is cheap.
Benefits to Goldman from Online Banking
To finance its investments, Goldman Sachs must borrow from the bond market. The interest rates in the bond market are much higher (between 3% and 4%). Therefore, assuming a constant rate of return on their investments, there is a 2%-3% spread from acquiring funds at a cheaper rate.
Based on its 2015 annual reports (FORM 10-K), Goldman has $97.519 billion in deposits. Additionally, it has 42.787 billion in short term borrowings. If Goldman can replace all of its short term loans with online banking deposits, an extreme case scenario, the annual interest cost savings generated would be around $1.3 billion. Assuming that the savings are in perpetuity, the present value of the cost savings using modest discount rates is around $13 billion. Because presently there are 426.4 million shares outstanding, the potential cost savings alone could generate a pop in the stock price by $30.
As a common Man, are you ready to invest in a Sach of Gold?
Helsinki, Finland, August 5, 2016.by